The WBS is a deliverable focused hierarchical grouping of project components that identifies and defines the work that needs to be performed in the project.
The WBS allows you to breakdown the project into manageable chunks that can be estimated and tracked by the project manager.
Depending on the size of the project the WBS can either be broken down to the work package (larger projects) or activity levels (smaller projects). A good rule of thumb is to decompose activities to an 8-80 hour limit. The person performing the work can further breakdown the activity or work package to smaller pieces called tasks, which is the lowest level of effort in a project.
Add comment October 2nd, 2005 Edit
The Project Charter
The Project Charter formally recognizes the existence of a project. It is critical that a project have a project charter since it not only serves to recognize the project, but it also legitimizes the project manager and gives them the authority and the responsibility to do the things required to manage the project.
Ideally the project sponsor prepares the charter, but in reality the project manager prepares it for the sponsor’s approval and signature.
Here are some key components of the project charter:
• Names the project manager and gives them the authority and responsibility to manage the project
• The business need the project will address
• Goals and objectives of the project
• High level scope statement